The " Four
C's" of Buying a Diamond:
Every diamond regardless of its shape gets it brilliancy
and scintillation by cutting and polishing the
diamond facets to allow the maximum amount of light
that enters through its top to be reflected and
dispersed back through its top.
Diamonds are found with a range of colors. From faint yellow
or brown through to the very rare pinks, blues, greens
and other colors known as "Fancies". However, the
best color for a diamond is no color. It is a totally
colorless diamond that allows white light to pass
effortlessly through it and be dispersed as rainbows
|K L M
|N O P Q R
||Very Light Yellow
To determine a diamond's clarity, it is viewed under 10-power
magnification by a trained eye. Most diamonds contain
very tiny natural birthmarks known as inclusions.
However, the fewer and smaller the inclusions are,
the less likely it is that they will interfere with
the passage of light through the diamond, and the
more beautiful the diamond will be. Diamonds, more
than any other gemstone, have the capability to produce
the maximum amount of brilliance. A diamond that
is free of both inclusions and surface blemishes
is very rare and therefore more valuable.
||VVS1, VS1, SI1, I1, I3
||VVS2, VS2, SI2, I2
The weight of the diamond is measured in carats. One carat
is divided into 100 "points", so that a diamond of
75 points weighs .75 carats. Carat-weight is the
easiest of the 4C's to determine. But two diamonds
of equal weight can have very unequal value, depending
on the cut, color and clarity, fine quality, can
be found in diamonds of all shapes and sizes.
Diamonds are cut into a number of shapes, depending on the nature of
the rough stone. The most popular are round, marquise,
oval, pear, heart and emerald, and the choice is largely
a matter of personal preference. Whatever the shape,
a well-cut diamond is the work of a master diamond cutter.
When cut to good proportions, the diamond is better able
to handle light, creating more scintillation, more sparkle.